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About Europe
Welcome to Europe

Very few places in the world can recreate the timeless splendour of Europe – a historical, cultural and geographical continent which holds most of the must-see countries of the world.

Europe has a startling wealth of history. You’ll be astonished to experience the intertwining of ancient and modern that Europe presents visitors with at every turn. The origins of democracy were founded in Athens, the Forum of Rome, the renaissance buildings and inspiring art of Florence, the romantic canals of Venice and the Napoleonic grandeur of Paris. Yet you’ll also encounter the less expected sites such as the timeless Romantic Road of Bavaria, Germany and the grand Alps of France, Switzerland and Italy.

Europe today is a continent more united than ever, with the European Union (EU) stretching from the Arctic to the top of Africa, and a single currency now used in the majority of European states. The centuries of history behind these countries have brought unique cultural values and traditions. There are very few places where you can pass through so many countries in such a short span of time and witness the striking differences between each one.

Map of Europe

Click for full size map


Facts & Figures about Europe

Europe is the second smallest continent, after Australia, forming an extensive peninsula of the Eurasian land-mass, occupying 7% of the Earth's surface.

Area 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi)
Population 739,165,030 (2011)
Pop. density 72.5/km2
Countries 50
Time Zones UTC to UTC+6
Largest cities List of metropolitan areas in Europe

Major rivers include the Volga (Europe's longest river at 3531km), Danube, Rhine, Rhône, Loire, and Tagus. Major mountain systems include the Alps, rising to 4807m at Mont Blanc; and the Pyrenees, rising to 3403m at Pico de Aneto.

In terms of population, it is the third-largest continent, after Asia and Africa. However, the term continent can refer to a cultural and political distinction or a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europe's precise borders, area and population.


The flag of Switzerland Switzerland
The flag of Italy Italy
The flag of Netherlands Netherlands
The flag of Austria Austria
The flag of France France
The flag of Turkey Turkey
The flag of Germany Germany
The flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic
The flag of Hungary Hungary

European Union

The European Union (EU), comprising 27 member states, is the largest political and economic entity by area and population covering the European continent, while Russia (excluding portions in Asia) is the second largest entity and largest country. The EU has the world's largest economy with an estimated nominal GDP of 14.2 trillion USD (2006) accounting for 35% of world GDP.